Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie

SFB Extra Seminar

"Electron hydrodynamics in Weyl semimetals: the role of Chern–Simons terms"
Datum: 27.11.2019, 16:00 - 18:00 Uhr
Kategorie: Seminar
Ort: Hubland Süd, Geb. P1 (Physik), SE 1
Veranstalter: SFB 1170 ToCoTronics
Vortragende: Pavell Sukhachov - Nordita, Stockholm, Sweden

Dirac and Weyl semimetals, whose low-energy quasiparticle excitations are described by the corresponding relativistic-like equations,
is an active and vibrant area of research in condensed matter physics. Unusual properties of these materials can be described by
various methods ranging from Green’s functions to semiclassical approaches such as the chiral kinetic theory and hydrodynamics.
The possibility of the hydrodynamic regime for electrons in solids is particularly interesting and allows for several unexpected
effects related to the flow of electron fluid. Motivated by recent experiments, the consistent hydrodynamics for Weyl quasiparticles
is formulated. This framework includes the topological Chern–Simons terms and explicit breaking of the Galilean invariance by the
ion lattice. While the Chern–Simons terms do not enter the Navier–Stokes equation directly, they affect electron motion via
Maxwell’s equations. It is shown that topological terms quantified by the momentum-space separation between the Weyl nodes lead
to a few interesting effects. For example, the hydrodynamic anomalous Hall effect is predicted for a slab of Weyl semimetal. In the
case of a nonlocal geometry, electron fluid flow become spatially distorted. Further, the hydrodynamic description of the Fermi arc
surface states is proposed and a few collective modes in the hydrodynamic regime are discussed.