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Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie

Secondary School

Teaching Degree at Secondary Schools (state examination)

At a glace

Study Programme

Target degree: State Exam
Standard lenghts of programme: 9 Semester
Teaching language: German
Start of study: for the winter semester


Restricted Admission: free of admission        
Aptitude Assessment: none        

Studying in Würzburg

Programme Contents

Good teachers in the natural sciences and especially in physics are of central importance for awakening pupils' interest in technical and scientific careers.

In addition to specialised knowledge, the job description of a physics teacher also includes pedagogical and didactic skills. Specialist training is provided by experts at the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg in the form of lectures, practical courses and seminars.

Our university has traditionally emphasised practical relevance and subject didactics above and beyond what is required by the teacher training examination regulations.

Learning Objectives

The aim of the programme is to provide students with knowledge of the most important concepts and relationships in mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity and optics as well as the special theory of relativity, knowledge of the concepts of the structure of matter, an insight into the history of physics with special consideration of the interrelationships between physics and other sciences, technology, society and the environment, didactic knowledge, in particular the ability to elementarise physical facts, taking into account the age-related ability to abstract, knowledge of physical teaching and working materials and the ability to use them according to didactic aspects, the ability to present scientific ways of thinking and working in an exemplary manner using suitable content.


  • Description of natural processes under precisely defined, reproducible conditions (experimental observation)
  • Gaining knowledge by creating theoretical models for the quantitative description of observation using the language of mathematics
  • Nature as a whole, from the description of the universe as a whole to the elementary building blocks from which all known matter is constructed
  • from basic research to applied research on specific problems, which very often also originate from non-technical areas

  • Industrial research and development centres
  • Teaching at schools, colleges and universities
  • both in companies and as a self-employed IT expert
  • Patents (law firms and patent offices)
  • Management consultancies, financial service providers, insurance companies and banks
  • Public service

  • good basic knowledge of scientific and mathematical subjects at A-level level
  • ability to abstract
  • analytical thinking
  • load capacity
  • self-employment
  • combination capability
  • perseverance
  • discipline and staying power
  • patience

  • interest in specialised content
  • enjoy solving complex problems
  • scientific curiosity


Study Structure and Organisation


1. Study of two specialised subjects (72 ECTS points each)

  • Specialised scientific studies (60 ECTS-Punkte)
  • Specialised didactic studies (12 ECTS-Punkte)

2. Educational science programme (35 ECTS points)

  • Pedagogical-didactic school internship (6 ECTS-Punkte)
  • didactic internship (4 ECTS-Punkte)

3. Free area (15 ECTS points

4. Written term paper (10 ECTS points)

Module Abbreviation ECTS-Points
Classical Physics    
Classical Physics 1 (Mechanics) 11-E-M 8
Classical Physics 2 (Heat and Electromagnetism) 11-E-E 8
Optics and Waves
11-L-OW 7
Structure of material    
Modern Physics 1
11-L-M1-NV 6
Modern Physics 2
11-L-M2-NV 5
Moderne Physik in Natur und Technik 11-L-MPNT 6
Mathematical Methods
Mathematical Methods of Physics
11-M-MR 6
Laboratory Course I    
Laboratory Course Physics A (Mechanics, Heat, Electromagnetism) 11-P-LA 2
Data and Error Analysis
11-P-FR1 2
Laboratory Course Physics B (Electricity, Circuits, Atomic and Nuclear Physics) 11-P-LB 5
Laboratory Course II    
Demonstrationspraktikum 1 11-P-DP1 5

Module Abbreviation ECTS-Points
Physics Teaching Concepts 11-L-PD 5
Physics Teaching Concepts Seminar 11-L-PDS-NV 2
Student Lab Preparation Course (Physics)
11-L-L3S 5

Module Abbreviation ECTS-Points
Physics: Practical Training and Theory of Classroom 11-L-SBPRS 4

Module Abbreviation ECTS-Points
Student Lab Supervision (Physics) 11-L-L3B 2
Low Cost - High Impact. Low-budget Experiments for Science Courses (Physics) 11-MIND-Ph1 2
Teaching Science with Hands-on-Exhibits (Physics)
11-MIND-Ph2 2
Scientific Work in Teaching Concepts
11-L-WPD 3

Programme Progression Plans and Variants

The course of study shown (Download als pdf) is a recommendation resulting from the logical sequence of module topics.

You are free to organise your studies according to your own wishes, bring certain modules forward or take them later, e.g. after a semester abroad.

Starting Study

During Semester


In the first two semesters of the physics degree programme, numerous tutorials are offered as a continuation of the MINT preparatory course. They offer the opportunity to practise and consolidate what you have learnt using your own supervised exercises. The dates of the tutorials can be found in the course catalogue.


JIM Explainers are students with suitable technical and didactic skills who provide students with assistance and answer questions at eye level. They should help to minimise known beginner problems primarily when solving the exercises for the basic the JIMs

First-year mentoring programme

As part of the programme, each interested student is assigned a mentor from among the teaching staff (professors and private lecturers) in the first semester. The mentor accompanies the students assigned to him or her during the Bachelor's programme as a contact person and confidant. More

Further Information