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Theoretical Physics III

Würzburg Seminar on Quantum Field Theory and Gravity

Hyperbolic band theory
Date: 11/08/2022, 3:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Location: online
Organizer: Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Physik III
Speaker: Joseph Maciejko
Hyperbolic lattices are a new form of synthetic quantum matter in which particles effectively hop on a discrete tiling of
two-dimensional hyperbolic space, a non-Euclidean space of negative curvature. Hyperbolic tilings were studied by the
geometer H.S.M. Coxeter and popularized through art by M.C. Escher. Recent experiments in circuit quantum
electrodynamics and electric circuit networks have demonstrated the coherent propagation of wave-like excitations
on hyperbolic lattices. While the familiar band theory of solids adequately describes wave propagation through periodic
media in Euclidean space, it is not clear how concepts like crystal momentum and Bloch waves can be extended to
hyperbolic space. In this talk, I will discuss a generalization of Bloch band theory for hyperbolic lattices [1-4] and
stress the intriguing connections it establishes between condensed matter physics, high-energy physics, number theory,
and algebraic geometry.
[1] J. Maciejko and S. Rayan, Sci. Adv. 7, eabe9170 (2021)
[2] J. Maciejko and S. Rayan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 119, e2116869119 (2022)
[3] I. Boettcher, A. V. Gorshkov, A. J. Kollár, J. Maciejko, S. Rayan, and R. Thomale, Phys. Rev. B 105, 125118 (2022)
[4] T. Bzdušek and J. Maciejko, arXiv:2205.11571 (PRB in press)