Nano-Optics and Biophotonics
Interfacing electrons and photons at the nanometerscale may lead to ultrasmall light-emitting devices for computer screens or to ultrafast on-chip optical communication. We have developed electrically connected optical nanoantennas that serve as a platform for series of experiments in which electrons and photons interact strongly to produce new physical effects.
- R. Kullock et al., Directed emission by electrically-driven optical antennas, Proc. SPIE 10540 (2018)
- J. Kern et al., Electrically-driven optical antennas, Nature Photonics 9, 582 -586 (2015), arxiv:1502.04935
- J.C. Prangsma et al., Electrically connected resonant optical antennas, Nano Letters 12, 3915 (2012)
Controlling the flow of light at the nanometer scale has great potential for diverse applications such as integrated optical data communication and on-chip optical moleculasr sensing. We are able to selectively excite and control the propagation of different well-defined modes on two-wire transmission lines. Such modal control can be used to obtain routing of optical pulses according to criteria such as polarization.
- G. Razinska et al., Limits of Kirchhoff's Laws in Plasmonic, Sci. Rep. 8, 1921 (2018)
- C. Rewitz et al., Coherent control of plasmon propagation in a nanocircuitPhys. Rev. Applied 1, 014007 (2014)
- P. Geisler et al., Multimode plasmon excitation and in-situ analysis in top-down fabricated plasmonic nanocircuits, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 183901 (2013), arXiv:1304.1737
Strong coupling of a single quantum system to an optical resonator is a hallmark of quantum optics. It is characterized by the repeated coherent exchange of a single excitation between the emitter and the resonator. We study strong coupling of single emitters to plasmonic nanoresonantors at room temperature. We use AFM technology to position emitters within the ultrasmall subwavelength mode volumes of broadband plasmonic nanoresonantors. The goal is to achieve deterministic photon-atom interaction for quantum communication as well as the development of novel quantum optical imaging modalities.
- H. Groß et al., Near-field strong coupling of single quantum dots, Sci. Adv., 4, 3 (2018)
Our mission is to obtain fundamental control over light-matter interaction by controlling the flow of photons at the nanometer scale down to the size of single atoms, molecules, and quantum dots. We use optical nanoantennas and related plasmonic nanostructures as enabling devices.
We rely on our ability to fabricate high-end single-crystalline gold nanostructures based on large, but very thin chemically grown single-crystal gold flakes. Using top-down nanostructuring methods, such as focused ion-beam milling, we strive to obtain highest quality gold nanostructures with close to atomic precision.
X. Wu et al., Single-crystalline gold microplates grown on substrates by solution-phase synthesis,Cryst. Res. Technol. 50, 595 (2015)
X. Wu et al., Silica-gold bilayer-based transfer of focused ion beam-fabricated nanostructures,Nanoscale 7, 16427 (2015)
E. Krauss et al., Controlled Growth of High-Aspect-Ratio Single-Crystalline Gold Platelets, Cryst. Growth Des., 18 (3), 1297-1302 (2018)